Difference Between Fumed Silica & Precipitated Silica & Silica Fume

Fumed silica and precipitated silica are both synthetic amorphous silica, but they are different in many properties. In this video, we will explain their difference in 3 main aspects.

1, the manufacturing process

Fumed silica is manufactured in the pyrogenic process. It’s synthesized from the hydrolysis of high purity silane in a flame of oxygen and hydrogen at a very high temperature.(learn more: What are the materials and processes used to manufacture fumed silica?)

SiCl4 + 2H2O → SiO2 + 4HCl

While Precipitated silica is manufactured in a wet-chemical process. It is produced by the controlled neutralization of dilute sodium silicate (water glass).

Na2SiO3 + 2HCL → SiO2 + 2NaCl + H2O

2, chemical properties

Fumed silica has a high specific surface area & small particle size. The aggregates size of fumed silica is 150-300 nanometers,  it has 99.8% of silica content, and low moisture content. While precipitated silica is 1-100 micron meters, around 90% silica content and high moisture content.

Fumed silica, that is amorphous silica produced in the flame method from silica, is  NOT the same as silica fume. The average particle size of fumed silica is 7-40 nm. while the average particle size of silica fume is 0.1-0.15 μm.

3, product functions

Fumed silica has better performance in thickening, thixotropy, sag resistance, reinforcement and caking resistance. While precipitated silica is mainly used as a reinforcing agent for rubbers or friction agent in toothpaste.

Fumed SilicaVSPrecipitated Silica
150-300 Nano meter AGGREGATES SIZE    1-100 Micron meter
90-400㎡/gSPECIFIC SURFACE AREA50-600 ㎡/g
Fumed silica is synthesized from the hydrolysis of high purity silane in a flame of oxygen and hydrogen at a very high temperature.  MANUFACTURING PROCESSPrecipitated silica is produced by the Controlled neutralization of dilute sodium silicate (water glass) by either concentrated sulfuric, hydrochloric or carbonic acids. 
High specific surface area, small particle sizeFEATURELow specific surface area, large particle size
Has better performance in thickening, thixotropy, sag resistance, reinforcement, caking resistance; mainly used for industries that need high transparency, high purity & small surface area.FUNCTIONSPrecipitated silica is mainly used as natural rubber and synthetic rubber reinforcing agent, friction agent in toothpaste. 
Competitive price with international brandPRICELower than fumed silica

HIFULL manufactures more than 10 grades of hydrophilic and hydrophobic fumed silica for your special choice. For product TDS, MSDS or sample-testing, price quotation, please check Datasheet or leave message to us.

Hello, Customers

My name is Van, I’m the business manager of HIFULL, I have been in Fumed Silica Industry for more than 10 years. Feel free to contact me. I’m happy to provide you the best service and products.
Business Manager